Skip to content

Roundup 2-24-2017

February 24, 2017


Transportation – Firmly Planted to the Couch

— The Buck Stops Over There

— Pound Notes, Loose Change, Bad Checks, Anything

— Conclusion

Downtown – Jackson House Mystery

Downtown – Application Pulled

Downtown – More on the BK

Downtown/Hyde Park – Bye Bye Tribune Building

Tampa Heights – News on Food

Cuba Trade/Port – Middlemen Wanted

Rays/Tourism – Almost

The Other, Other Ferry

List of the Week


Transportation – Firmly Planted to the Couch

Last week, the Times had a good article entitled “A long way to go: Tampa Bay has one of the worst public transit systems in America. Here’s why.”  It is a long article that is definitely worth a read.  We are just going to discuss some highlights:

Out of the country’s 30 largest metro areas, the region ranks 29th in four of six common ways the federal government measures public transit coverage and usage.

The other two ways, it ranks dead last.

The region is 17th in population.

Times reporters analyzed data on more than a dozen different transit metrics; interviewed key local officials, national experts and more than 40 bus riders; and studied similar-sized areas across America. Then they traced local elected officials’ decisions about the topic over three decades.

The newspaper found:

In interviews, the leaders of both Tampa Bay bus agencies acknowledged their systems’ deficiencies, pointing to statistics that show they are cost-efficient with the little money they have.

“It’s the difference between good and cheap,” Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Authority CEO Katharine Eagan said.

In other words, transit in this area is totally underfunded.

Almost every other top-20 metro area has at least 600 buses. Tampa Bay has the fewest, about 360.

San Diego and Minneapolis/St. Paul are roughly the same size as Tampa Bay, but each had at least three times the ridership in 2015.

Spending per capita is half of San Antonio’s, a third of Denver’s and a quarter of Pittsburgh’s. At $57 per person, it’s comparable to Sheboygan, Wisc., and Macon, Ga.

This isn’t just because Tampa Bay is the only system without a rail line. Denver, Pittsburgh and Baltimore spend twice as much on bus alone as Tampa Bay, despite being similar sizes. Austin and Milwaukee each have a million fewer people and spend $10 million to $20 million more a year on bus service.

And it’s not that Hillsborough and Pinellas trail behind only because they’re two counties separated by a huge body of water. Each ranks poorly on its own.

Hillsborough spends $20 million less on buses than the transit agency for Cincinnati, Ohio, and $60 million less than the agency for Detroit, even though both serve similar populations. Pinellas’ agency serves twice as many people as New Orleans’, but both spend about the same amount of money.

Understand that none of this is really news, but the article lays it out more starkly. For some, like the Tea Party member of the HART Board, this situation appears to be a desirable outcome.

Transit critics say leaders are smart not to spend more because Tampa Bay is too big and too spread out for transit to ever be successful.

“We don’t have the density,” said Karen Jaroch, HART’s vice chair. “It just doesn’t make sense to make those sorts of investments here.”

Which is countered by this:

But a University of Utah study found that 11 other metro areas, including Minneapolis, Pittsburgh, Dallas, Phoenix and Louisville, Ky., all rank worse than Tampa Bay when combining density, land use and sprawl — and all have transit networks that rank above Tampa Bay’s.

But setting that aside for the moment, back to the Tea Party:

The question for many isn’t whether more money would improve transit service, but whether transit in Tampa Bay is worth investing in at all.

When the Hillsborough County Commission discussed raising the sales tax, it heard from angry constituents who opposed both light rail and higher taxes. HART’s own vice chair, Jaroch, doesn’t believe tax dollars should be spent on major transit projects such as rail and dedicated bus lanes.

Hillsborough County Tea Party co-founder Sharon Calvert said the county shouldn’t raise taxes to pay for something that many people won’t use.

“We spend a lot of money on transit,” Calvert said. “The overall percentage of the population that uses it is very small, so you have to look at the cost-benefit analysis.”

The fact is that across the country, and here, the Tea Party opposes transit – rail and otherwise.  Their opposition is philosophical (see for instance “PSTA/HART – Record Ridership For This Bulwark Against the UN”), which is their right.  But that does not mean we should follow them.

— The Buck Stops Over There

Which brings us to local officials.

Current and former commissioners in both counties said they need to do more, but also criticized the plans before them — many of which they’d discussed for years and were written under their direction.

As we have noted many times, and the article notes, County Commissioners can shape the discussion (as can other local officials, though the Commissioners control the money).  It is interesting to review history (and note there was talk back in the mid 1980’s, too):

Consider the history in Hillsborough County.

In 1991, former County Commissioner Ed Turanchik proposed a multi-county commuter rail system. The plan died after the county couldn’t find a funding source for it.

In 1995, a county plan to build light rail and expand bus service qualified for federal money. The county commission later killed its own plan.

In 1999, a 99-person committee of residents and transportation experts put together a $1 billion plan to improve roads and expand bus service. The commission rejected it.

In 2005, the federal government got tired of waiting for Hillsborough to approve a plan and took the county out of contention for rail dollars.

In 2010, the commission took its biggest step toward expanding transit, asking voters to increase the sales tax by 1 penny to expand the bus system and build light rail. But voters shot down the referendum.

The most interesting thing on the list is all the lost opportunities, the wasted time and effort, and the failure to really do anything. We know, historically, referenda fail first time around (maybe even more than once), and that is not even getting into the major flaws with the substance of the 2010 referendum:

This isn’t unusual. Across the country, similar ballot initiatives often fail the first time they’re proposed, then pass on subsequent attempts. That’s what happened in Phoenix, Denver and Salt Lake City — all of which now have robust transit systems.

“Generally, we’ve seen that when transit agencies go to the ballot, they fail initially,” said Darnell Grisby, director of policy development and research at the American Public Transportation Association. “Often times, they’ll go back again and the approval rating tends to be over 70 percent.”

Then there was Go Hillsborough:

But in 2016, Hillsborough County commissioners decided it was too risky to put the question on the ballot again. The initiative would have dedicated almost $1 billion to HART over 30 years, or about $30 million a year.

That vote was “premature,” said Hillsborough County Commissioner Sandy Murman, one of four county commissioners who voted no. “We didn’t want to do something that wasn’t going to address the need.”

Which is a salient point, though it is worth noting that the three year TED/PLC/Go Hillsborough process included all the County Commissioners, as well as the Mayor of Tampa and others. In other words, why didn’t they come up with a better plan? Regarding, this is especially noteworthy:

Crist, who took part in three years of meetings to shape the plan, said he did not feel comfortable putting a plan before voters that he didn’t support. He said he didn’t know that HART’s budget was so far behind its peer cities until a Times reporter told him.

“It agitates me,” Crist said. “It aggravates me. How the hell did we get here?” 

Really? He was on the Commission that put the Tea Party activist on the HART Board. That member is now on a second term. She still does not want to have a developed transit system.  Nor is the Commission doing much to properly fund it.  Clearly, that Commission was not committed to properly funding HART.

— Pound Notes, Loose Change, Bad Checks, Anything

And, we saw that in action this week in a separate Times article:

There is a relatively small amount of money, about $1 million, for transit projects in the 10-year, $812 million transportation plan that Hillsborough County commissioners discussed Wednesday.

Yet transit dominated most of the two-hour conversation.

There are two transit-related items in the spending package: $750,000 for a study of a proposed ferry connecting MacDill Air Force Base to south county and $350,000 for a Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Authority pilot program for on-demand car service to and from bus stops.

As for the rest of the money? About $276 million will go toward road maintenance, $127 million for safety projects and $346 million for congestion relief, such as widening and building new roads and improving traffic flow.

For Commissioner Pat Kemp, the newest board member whose top issue during last year’s campaign was expanding transit, that’s too much for roads and not enough on other ways to move people around.

“Our Achilles’ heel is transit. It’s been transit for a long time,” said Kemp, speaking out at length from the dais for the first time. “It’s time for us to start committing our transit dollars. Just like we do for roads, put them on the same level of dignity and competition.”

Kemp noted that the county will spend $97 million during the next 10 years to widen 3.7 miles of Lithia Pinecrest Road. That’s equal to all of the budget for HART, the county’s bus operator. She proposed committing $100 million to HART over the next 10 years.

Setting aside that the Commission seems to keep coming up with more money for roads out of thin air (now up from $600 million to $817 million), what was the response from other Commissioners?

It’s “highly unlikely that’s financially feasible,” said Commissioner Ken Hagan, unless the county makes significant cuts to public safety or kills off another transportation project.

The county could pass a tax increase of some kind, Hagan noted, alluding to the half-cent sales tax surcharge commissioners rejected last year. Hagan wanted to put a sales tax hike on the ballot for voters to decide, but a majority of commissioners did not.

That’s how we got here – choices.  Why is it “irresponsible” to fund transit by $10 million/year for ten years, but money for roads, sprawl, and subsidies seemingly multiplies likes the loaves and fishes? Maybe the Commission’s project list, their planning, and their subsidizing pet project is irresponsible.

— Conclusion

The fact is that as long as we can remember transit in this area has been treated the Tea Party treats it – as an agency that exists as a last resort for people who have no other choices.  As such, it is not necessary to make it work well or fund it properly.  The riders have no choice.  And, as such, it will not attract choice riders.  That is not the fault of the HART staff.  It is the fault of the decision-makers with power over money, planning, and other decisions.  Clearly, their priorities are elsewhere.

And in the last few months we have learned that, in addition to not knowing about transit funding, local officials have not known what was in the TBX plan, where the proposed ferry would dock (or how the Port would deal with it), and we have never seen a proposed alignment (even a general alignment or favored choices) for the theoretical City starter rail line.  And this is for the supposedly critical transportation issue.

As we discussed last week regarding regional planning and transit, it is not a matter of learning to walk before we can fly.  It is a matter of this area sitting on the couch while others move forward. As noted in the first article mentioned above, so many of the usual suspects have moved forward with transit.  They have also moved forward in other areas, while we have dithered.

It all goes back to the question we keep asking: if a person can live anywhere (or almost anywhere) they want, why would they choose to live here as opposed to another area that already have so many amenities that we are still talking about?

Downtown – Jackson House Mystery

There was a very odd article in the Times regarding Jackson House in downtown.  Just to remind you about Jackson House:

The Jackson House has stood for decades as a powerful symbol for Tampa’s black community, a monument to some of the 20th century’s great black performers and a sobering reminder of the Jim Crow South.

It housed the likes of Fitzgerald, singer James Brown and even baseball pioneer Jackie Robinson, who were barred from the city’s white-only hotels when in Tampa to play and perform. Unlike nearby stores and restaurants, it survived the destruction of the Central Avenue business and nightclub district in the 1970s and was named to the National Register of Historic Places and Florida’s Black Heritage Trail.

But the house has since fallen into disrepair. It stopped taking guests in 1989 and multiple attempts to restore or develop the property have failed, in part because of its condition.

And don’t forget the City wanted it demolished before some benefactors stepped in to save it.

Anyway, the odd part this week:

Hillsborough County Commissioner Victor Crist warned recently that local officials need to step in — and fast — to save the historic Jackson Rooming House.

* * *

Crist suggested the county should acquire the century-old Tampa landmark, which once housed black entertainers including Ray Charles and Ella Fitzgerald when they came to town, to salvage what it can of the aging building before it’s too late.

“This is a time matter,” Crist told commissioners at a meeting last week. “It’s being scheduled to be torn down rather soon.”

* * *

It was Crist’s intention to send in photographers and architects to capture the two-story building at 851 Zack St. in its current state. That way, after demolition, it could be recreated to look identical to its predecessor.

Crist hoped a new Jackson House, built with reclaimed and restored wood and fixtures from the original facility, could anchor his idea for a new venture to preserve and display Hillsborough’s black history. Crist said he’s been working with local black leaders on the idea.

We are all for photographing and memorializing the building, but moving it or building a replica somewhere else? Why change the location?  Who benefits?

Regardless, it gets stranger:

That’s news to the nonprofit that controls the Jackson House.

There are no plans to raze the building, said Carolyn Collins, the chairwoman of the Jackson House Foundation Inc. In fact, builders recently completed a stabilization project and the foundation will soon begin a fundraising campaign aimed at full restoration.

“It would’ve been nice if Victor Crist would’ve contacted us and talked to us rather than bring it up to the commission,” Collins said. “I’m curious why he would want to buy it after we stabilized it and are getting ready to go into restoration phase.”

* * *

Collins, the former president of the local chapter of the NAACP, said Crist’s vision sounds in line with her own idea to turn the Jackson House into a museum celebrating the black entertainers who once graced its halls. But the building isn’t up for sale.

“They don’t have to buy the house,” Collins said. “Why not just put up some of the money for the foundation to restore it?”

Why not? We are just going to chalk this all up to a misunderstanding, which is possible.  The County should give money help save the building:

Even now, after stabilization, its physical ailments are readily visible. The building sags in spots, the siding is falling off, window panes don’t look long for this world and sunshine pokes through holes in the roof.

The Jackson House Foundation wants to raise $1.3 million to renovate and restore the building and keep it in its location.

We are not sure that will ever happen (as the building is not in East or South County), but it should.  Then again, it gets even odder:

Crist was not sure where a rebuilt Jackson House would end up if it did move to a new spot in Hillsborough County, but he said there were other advantages to acquiring the parcel it sits on.

“That piece of real estate is contiguous with other county buildings downtown,” Crist said, referring to the nearby George E. Edgecomb Courthouse. “So it wouldn’t be far-fetched for it to be a valuable piece of turf for us to have in our inventory.”

After last week’s meeting, Commissioner Sandy Murman addressed Crist’s idea with skepticism.

“That is a city property,” Murman told him, “And they need to take care of that property.”

First, that property is both within the City and within the County. In fact, it may surprise that Commissioner mentioning the City to learn that, based on the County website, Jackson House is actually in her district.

Moreover, according to the property appraiser website, the property is owned by the Foundation. Based on a quick search of public records, the Foundation does not appear to be owned by the City of Tampa.  What’s even more interesting is that a large local parking/land banking company owns all the land around it – not the County, not the City.

Given that it is not a City property, that it is owned by the Foundation, and is plainly historic, why can’t the County do something about it? (We mean, it would probably only cost one fast food restaurant subsidization.)

Let’s just hope there is actual good will to preserve actual history while we have it rather than let it fall apart and then honor it with a plaque.  We’ve had far too much of that already.  The County should definitely help support 1) the restoration of the building and 2) the creation of a museum and/or putting it in some affiliation with the History Center.

Downtown – Application Pulled

A proposal in downtown Tampa next to the Times building had its application withdrawn.

A Dallas developer has backed away from plans to build an apartment-and-retail project on the northern fringe of downtown Tampa.

Really, it was an apartment building with one relatively small retail space, but anyway:

Mill Creek Residential Trust has withdrawn a variance request that, if approved, would have paved the way for 275 residential units with ground-level retail space on a 2.2-acre surface parking lot sandwiched between the David A. Straz Jr. Center for the Performing Arts and the Tampa Bay Times building at 1000 N. Ashley Drive.

Todd Bleakley, who oversees the North Florida region for Mill Creek, wouldn’t say why the request was withdrawn.

We can’t say we are overly concerned or disappointed that the proposal was withdrawn.  It was tolerable, but no more than that.  And it could have been much better.  We’ll see what happens.

Downtown – More on the BK

As we discussed last week, the City Council inexplicably (unless you have observed Tampa land use for a while) ignored their own staff and approved a stand-alone Burger King near the Encore project.  URBN Tampa Bay posted some more renderings this week:

From URBN Tampa Bay - click on picture for Facebook page

From URBN Tampa Bay – click on picture for Facebook page

From URBN Tampa Bay - click on picture for Facebook page

From URBN Tampa Bay – click on picture for Facebook page

And, bizarrely, unless you note the surfeit of cars in the previous renderings, a driver’s view.  It does not get much better than that.

From URBN Tampa Bay - click on picture for Facebook page

From URBN Tampa Bay – click on picture for Facebook page

So, thanks to the City Council, you could get the Encore to the east, the Lightning owner’s plans in the south, the Heights to the northwest, and a car choked BK seen through the driver’s view in the north.

Anyway, the folks at URBN Tampa Bay decided to file a formal objection, which can be found here.  And they are right.  It is absurd to approve this.

Strangely, one side effect if TBX get built is that this land likely will be bought by the state and this BK will not get built. If TBX is going to take the land, there is no point in granting the special use.  If it isn’t going to use the land, even with the odd shape of the lot, something better and in line with the rules for downtown can be done.

Downtown/Hyde Park – Bye Bye Tribune Building

Anyone who has been on the Riverwalk recently knew this was basically underway, but:

An excavator has begun tearing down the Tampa Tribune building, the first step in removing the riverfront property that housed the 123-year-old newspaper, which closed after it was purchased by the Tampa Bay Times in May 2016.

The waterfront property, located on the west side of the Hillsborough River just south of the University of Tampa, was sold to Miami-based Related Group in 2015. The company intends to erect an eight-story, 400-unit apartment complex in its place. A representative for the company could not be reached for comment this morning.

The demo is fine with us.  The property is far too valuable for a blank-walled newspaper building. Though the newspaper building was better than the previous power station that was there way-back when (We can’t resist these pictures):

From Tampapix - click on picture for website

From Tampapix – click on picture for website

From Tampapix - click on picture for website

From Tampapix – click on picture for website

You can see the location at the top of this picture.

The only thing we wish was that the project that is going to be built was better – not even necessarily taller, just better, especially on the street side.  First, the retail, which, according to Related’s own development manager, does not seem actually planned for success:

The property has been approved for a restaurant or sandwich shop, but Peña said it’s unlikely the property will have enough foot traffic or parking spaces to accommodate that kind of business.

“It would need to be a destination and the access might be challenging,” he said.

But even more is the garage, which is that oddness on the left side of this rendering (it’s the squat building at the bottom):

From the Times - click on picture for article

From the Times – click on picture for article

When the garage, which is poorly screened (probably like PierHouse) and just dropped in the neighborhood with no regard for street activity, is the most prominent thing in a project from most angles, the project can be done much better.

Tampa Heights – News on Food

It is well known that Armature Works, when it opens, will have a “market hall” concept and some other restaurants.  A while back we discussed how there is another project for a “restaurant collective” (looks like a fancy food court to us, but if they want the branding, that’s cool) project on Franklin street.  There was news about that this week:

Wilson, who sold off his mortgage company Leverage Financial in 2013, is seeking to recreate the kind of food hall experience that’s become ubiquitous in other cities as a place to showcase the local culinary scene. Typical construction delays have kept the Hall on Franklin a bit behind schedule — it was originally slated to open by the end of 2016 — but Wilson and his team have been working to evolve the vision for Hall on Franklin, an 8,000-square-foot space at 1701 N. Franklin St.

From the Business Journal - click on picture for article

From the Business Journal – click on picture for article

You can read the rest of the Business Journal article for details on the offerings.  Potentially exciting times for Tampa Heights (aside from TBX taking out a bunch of it and hurting its connections to downtown).

Cuba Trade/Port – Middlemen Wanted

Last week we discussed Cuba trade and said we could not understand why it was ok to have flights and cruises to Cuba but bad to have actual cargo come and go through our ports.  This week, the Times told us this:

Major cruise lines will start sailing from Port Tampa Bay to Havana in the coming months, with possibly more than 40,000 passengers spread out over 22 voyages who could add more than $5 million to the Cuban economy this year and next.

These statistics are from a new report by the New York-based U.S.-Cuba Trade and Economic Council, which crunches numbers on business between the two nations.

* * *

When the more than 30 cruise ships to Cuba out of Miami for 2017-2018 are added to those sailing from Tampa, more than 110,000 such passengers and an $11 million economic impact could be brought to the island, according to the U.S.-Cuba Trade and Economic Council.

We get the argument that the cruise lines are private companies doing their own business.  On the other hand, they use public facilities, and the cruises (directly or indirectly) give money to the Cuban government as well as benefitting public entities in Florida.

In any event, if having the private middle man is the requirement, then the Port should just have agreements with companies to transport cargo to and from Cuba to use their facilities without signing any agreement with the Cuban officials. (See here) Problem solved.

Rays/Tourism – Almost

There was an interesting article in the Times regarding the tourism in Hillsborough County.

Despite a sixth straight record-breaking year for Florida tourism, Hillsborough County has reason for a bittersweet celebration. The county has missed its bid to snag an extra $6 million in estimated tourism taxes this year, money that could have been used to lure the Tampa Bay Rays away from St. Petersburg.

* * *

Florida drew nearly 113 million visitors in 2016, up from about 107 million in 2015.

* * *

Hillsborough collected $29.9 million in tourism bed taxes during the 2016 calendar year, falling just shy of the $30 million threshold needed in order to be considered a “high tourism impact” county. That designation would have given county commissioners the option of raising the bed tax from 5 percent to 6 percent, resulting in additional tax revenue which county commissioners said was a key component in their attempt to bring the Rays across the bay.

First, that is very good for tourism. Second, unless trends are way off, this year the threshold will be crossed.  And you have to add this money to the pot, though there may be corresponding decreases elsewhere.

In December, the Hillsborough County Tax Collector’s office reached an agreement with Airbnb to collect bed taxes and sales taxies on rooms booked through the website. That deal went into effect on Feb. 1 and is projected to generate about $250,000 in tax revenues this year.

Pinellas, with the beaches, is already there:

Pinellas County collected $52 million worth of bed taxes in 2016. It qualified as a “high tourism impact” county in 2013, but county commissioners did not vote to raise the tax to 6 percent until 2015.

They raised their tax in 2017.

As we said, unless something major happens, we expect Hillsborough will cross the threshold this year.  It should not really have an effect on the Rays issue.

The Other, Other Ferry

The ferry saga in the immediate Bay area is complicated with the MacDill proposal taking years (see last week) and the Cross Bay Ferry test having a high price and limited hours, so much so that an article in the Times detailing some trips on the ferry two out of three trips end in using Uber to get back.  Nonetheless, there are other ferry proposals nearby – arguably in the Tampa Bay area:

The Sarasota City Commission voted 5-0 on Tuesday to conditionally approve a permit for a water taxi and ferry service between Sarasota and Bradenton Beach.

Sherman Baldwin, general manager of Paradise Boat Tours, presented the water taxi and ferry plan and applied for a permit under Paradise’s parent company, TevaTan LLC, in early January. On Tuesday, the commission voted to approve the permit application with the following stipulations:

▪ The water ferry’s Sarasota embarkation points will be determined within a period of six months from Tuesday; and

▪ Baldwin will meet with Sarasota Bayfront 20:20, a long-term planning organization, to assure the Sarasota embarkation points have enough associated parking nearby.

* * *

The ferry will run from the Bridge Street Pier to one of three embarkation points in Sarasota. Baldwin provided three suggested points to the Sarasota City Commission, which has the ultimate say in which of the three will be chosen. The possible destinations include the T-dock at O’Leary’s Tiki Bar & Grill, the Marina Jack boat basin, or the Centennial Park boat basin. He favors the Centennial Park option, but for it to work, a sublease must be negotiated under the current lease between the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary Flotilla 84 and the city of Sarasota.

The water taxi service will operate daily at a round-trip ticket cost of $12.50 with passes available for locals who frequently travel between Sarasota and Bradenton Beach. The boat will have air conditioning and heating systems, two restrooms and a small coffee cafe. The seating will be covered, but Baldwin said there will be an outside area for passengers who want to enjoy the sea breeze. 

A few things of note:  First, it is not finalized, but there is a deadline to finalize it.  Second is the prices are more reasonable than the Cross Bay Ferry.  Third, if you go the article here, you can see the proposed schedule, which is quite extensive.

We don’t know what will come of this, but at least it looks like it should not drag on interminably.

List of the Week

One of the main factors in attracting business and talent is the quality of local schools. And from a recent report on AP tests, at the top, Florida seems to be doing well. Yet, as described by the Times, Hillsborough County Schools have some financial issues that were apparently ignored under the previous school administration.

In light of that, it is interesting that the Business Journal had a list of the best 25 elementary schools in the area by Niche.   As to the methodology:

In addition to the usual metrics based on test scores, the ranking takes into account student and parent assessments, student life data, teacher ratings and various ratings of a school’s culture and diversity.  

We are not going to list them all.  You can see the list here.  But there are a few interesting things to note.  First, the top 16 schools are all in Sarasota County.  The highest ranked school in Hillsborough is 17th, and Hillsborough only has four on the list.  Pinellas’s highest is 20th and it has four schools on the list as well. No other counties are on the list.

And, as for High Schools, Sarasota County has the number one school on these (see here and here) two rankings.

Maybe someone needs to take a field trip to Sarasota County to see what is going on.

No comments yet

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: